syria en Syrian Defector: 'Regime Will Only Go By Force' Syria's former ambassador to Iraq, who defected last week, has begun talking to the press.<p><a href="">In an interview with CNN</a>, Nawaf Fares said he supported military intervention in the country because the regime of President Bashar Assad "will only go by force."<p>CNN's Ivan Watson asked Fares if he wanted to send a message to Assad.<p>"To Bashar al-Assad, I say you don't know history," he said. "Two wills cannot be defeated — the will of God and the will of the people. Mon, 16 Jul 2012 23:11:00 +0000 editor 15887 at A Syrian Defector Confronts A Sectarian Divide The violence in Syria is increasingly being called a civil war, and it can also be called a sectarian war, because much of the fighting pits the majority Sunni Muslims against the minority Alawites who make up much of the country's leadership.<p>Yet not everyone fits neatly into a category. Mon, 16 Jul 2012 21:03:23 +0000 Deborah Amos 15874 at Syrian Violence Escalates Into Civil War Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>Across the border in Syrian, reports of clashes between the army and rebels overnight in a neighborhood in Damascus. It was some of the heaviest fighting so far in the capital, according to residents and activists who say the army for the first time bombarded one neighborhood with mortars.<p>The new fighting comes in a new context. Over the weekend, the International Committee of the Red Cross declared the conflict in Syria a civil war. That isn't just a label. Mon, 16 Jul 2012 08:30:00 +0000 Renee Montagne 15820 at Conflicting Tales In Latest Syrian Violence Although videos posted by Syrian activists show dozens of people buried in a mass grave in the village of Tremseh, Syria has rejected claims made by the United Nations that it used heavy weapons in the attack alleged to have taken place on Thursday. Weekends on All Things Considered host Guy Raz speaks with NPR's Deborah Amos who is watching the story from Turkey. Sun, 15 Jul 2012 21:03:00 +0000 Guy Raz & Deborah Amos 15808 at Red Cross Declares Civil War In Syria The conflict in Syria has now reached the level of civil war, the Red Cross announced Sunday.<p>The declaration means international humanitarian law now applies throughout the country, and is the responsibility of all parties, whether rebel or government.<p>The ICRC is the guardian of the Geneva Conventions, as <a href="">Reuters</a> reminds, "and as such is considered a reference in qualifying when violence has evolved into an armed conflict." Today's announcement lays the groundwork for international justice. Sun, 15 Jul 2012 16:24:00 +0000 editor 15800 at U.N. Tries To Reconcile Accounts Of Killings In Syria U.N. investigators visited the site of a mass killing in Syria. Their initial report cites a targeted attack on the village of Tremseh, but have been unable to confirm the death toll. The Syrian government says it was an anti-terrorist operation and no civilians were killed. Guest host David Greene talks to NPR's Deborah Amos. Sun, 15 Jul 2012 11:22:00 +0000 David Greene & Deborah Amos 15787 at U.N. Enters Syrian Town To Investigate Assault United Nations observers have entered the Syrian town of Tremseh to investigate an attack reported to be the bloodiest so far since the uprising against President Bashar Assad.<p>The details of the incident are unclear, as <a href="">The Associated Press</a> reports:<p><blockquote><p>"The Syrian government says 50 people were killed in Tremseh Thursday when its forces clashed with 'armed gangs' that were terrorizing village residents. Sat, 14 Jul 2012 18:18:00 +0000 editor 15771 at Can Newest Peace Plan For Syria Succeed? Transcript <p>MARIA HINOJOSA, HOST: <p>I'm Maria Hinojosa and this is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. Michel Martin is away. Coming up, the band, Brownout, is trying to bring Tejano Latin funk to the U.S. mainstream. We'll sit down with them and hear some music. That's just ahead.<p>But first, we want to take another look at the ongoing violence in Syria. U.N. special envoy Kofi Annan was back in Syria today for another round of peace talks. He says the discussions were, quote, "constructive," but earlier, he admitted to the French newspaper, La Monde, that U.N. Mon, 09 Jul 2012 15:23:00 +0000 Maria Hinojosa 15346 at