Fresh Air with Terry Gross en Cat PDA Vs. Human PDA, And Other Animal Behavior Explained From feisty kittens to pacing cheetahs, Vint Virga knows animal behavior.<p>A veterinarian who specializes in behavioral medicine, Virga has treated many household pets in his clinic. But for the past five years he has been working mostly with leopards, wolves, bears, zebras and other animals living in zoos and wildlife parks. He deals with such issues as appetites, anxiety and obsessive behavior.<p>"I'm always trying to provide every single animal I come into contact with ... Wed, 23 Jul 2014 19:25:00 +0000 editor 65176 at 'A Hard Day's Night': A Pop Artifact That Still Crackles With Energy <p></p> Wed, 23 Jul 2014 19:15:00 +0000 John Powers 65175 at How Scientists Created A Typhus Vaccine In A 'Fantastic Laboratory' When Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II, Nazi commanders had another worry besides the Red Army. Epidemics of typhus fever, which is transmitted by body lice, killed untold numbers of soldiers and civilians during and after World War I.<p>As World War II raged, typhus reappeared in war-torn areas and in Jewish ghettos, where cramped, harsh conditions were a perfect breeding ground for lice.<p>So the Nazis employed Dr. Rudolf Weigl to produce a typhus vaccine. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 65099 at Fresh Air Remembers Actress And Singer Elaine Stritch <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p>Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. We're going to listen back to an excerpt of my interview with Elaine Stritch, a performer lucky enough to have debuted songs by Noel Coward and Stephen Sondheim and to have been coached by each of them. She died last Thursday at the age of 89. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 65100 at On 'Tomlinson Hill,' Journalist Seeks Truth And Reconciliation As the great-great-grandson of Texas slaveholders, journalist Chris Tomlinson wanted to find out what crimes his ancestors had committed to maintain power and privilege.<p>So he went to Tomlinson Hill, the plantation his ancestors built in the 1850s, to not only explore the slave-owning part of his family tree, but also to find the descendants of the slaves who kept the Tomlinson name after they were freed.<p>Tomlinson had spent 11 years for the <em>Associated Press</em> reporting on wars and conflicts, mostly in Africa, including the end of apartheid and the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 19:21:00 +0000 editor 65035 at Fresh Air Weekend: Angela Ricketts; Chaz Ebert And Steve James Fresh Air Weekend<em> highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors, and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:</em><p><strong>An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War':</strong> In her new book, Angela Ricketts writes about raising three kids while her husband deployed eight times over 22 years. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 16:38:00 +0000 editor 64944 at 'Live In The Present': Charlie Haden Remembered <p></p><p></p><p></p> Fri, 18 Jul 2014 17:16:00 +0000 editor 64848 at 'Trans Bodies, Trans Selves': A Modern Manual By And For Trans People The growing number of people who identify as transgender is raising a lot of interesting and complicated questions about gender identity.<p>The new book <em>Trans Bodies, Trans Selves</em> is a collection of essays describing the varied experiences of transgender people — and the social, political and medical issues they face. It's written by and for transgender and gender-nonconforming people.<p>The idea was inspired by the groundbreaking 1970s feminist health manual <em>Our Bodies, Ourselves</em>.<p>That book "was put together ... by a group of women who ... Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:33:00 +0000 editor 64701 at Every Composer Needs A Great Storyteller The legendary German conductor Otto Klemperer was one of the most profound musicians of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century. In the 1960s, nearing the end of his career, he overcame many physical handicaps to create an astonishing body of recorded classical music. EMI has just reissued a broad spectrum of his recordings, including a box set of one of the composers he's most associated with: Gustav Mahler. <em>Fresh Air</em> classical music critic Lloyd Schwartz has a review of <em>Mahler: Symphonies 2, 4, 7 & 9 / Das Lied von der Erde</em>. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:55:00 +0000 Lloyd Schwartz 64598 at Nigeria's Boko Haram 'More Extreme Than Al-Qaida,' Journalist Says The Nigerian group Boko Haram is part of a new generation of Islamist extremists. It was founded in 2002, but received only limited, periodic attention until April when it kidnapped more than 200 girls after raiding a school in northeastern Nigeria and threatening to marry the girls off or sell them as slaves. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:55:00 +0000 editor 64599 at